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Description popularizing the research project
Two, excluding each other, phenomena of creation and destruction, have always accompanied development of civilisations. Most often, paradoxically, they occur simultaneously. It is clearly visible in the areas where deposits of precious ores and fossil fuels have been discovered and where the exploitation has been conducted for a shorter or longer time. Extraction and processing raw materials usually requires tremendous efforts. Equally tremendous are the changes occurring in the natural environment and landscape. Within a few decades, the man can create artificial hills, canyons, rocky outcrops or reservoirs. At the same time, in the process, fragments of forests, plains, hills and even river valleys are destroyed or altered.
Human interference in the natural environment leads to considerable changes in its particular components. Its effect is especially noticeable in mining areas. Exploitation and processing natural resources contributes to essential changes both in surface features and water relations of such areas. These transformations of water environment are multidirectional and connected not only with the changes of water quantity but with the changes of water quality as well. The changes of water relations may be the consequence of both deliberate human activities and unintentional ones as an indirect result of mineral resources exploitation. A visible manifestation of mining activity is the creation of new, not existing before, anthropogenic environments. The pictures below show both anthropogenic water objects and plants occurring there